Angel Zeininger

Angel Zeininger

Lecturning Fellow, Senior of Evolutionary Anthropology


My primary areas of interest are the ontogeny of locomotion, trabecular bone remodeling, and the evolution and functional morphology of the hands and feet. I am interested in how forces incurred during locomotion influence the microarchitecture of trabecular bone. In particular, my research aims to 1) determine the magnitude and direction of forces that travel through bones during locomotion, 2) use advanced imaging techniques to identify evidence of ground reaction, muscle, and joint reaction forces as preserved in trabecular bone patterning, and 3) apply this method to the study of fossil hominins as an innovative way of reconstructing locomotor behavior in extinct species.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin 2013

Selected Grants

Ontogeny of Heel-strike in African Apes awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2019

Schmitt, D, Zeininger, A, and Granatosky, M. "Patterns, variability, and flexibility of hand posture during locomotion in primates." The Evolution of the Primate Hand Anatomical, Developmental, Functional, and Paleontological Evidence. Ed. T Kivell, P Lemelin, B Richmond, and D Schmitt. New York: Springer, August 10, 2016. 345-369. (Chapter)

Zeininger, A, Schmitt, D, Jensen, JL, and Shapiro, LJ. "Ontogenetic changes in foot strike pattern and calcaneal loading during walking in young children." Gait & posture 59 (January 2018): 18-22. Full Text Open Access Copy

Chirchir, H, Zeininger, A, Nakatsukasa, M, Ketcham, RA, and Richmond, BG. "Does trabecular bone structure within the metacarpal heads of primates vary with hand posture?." Comptes Rendus Palevol 16.5-6 (August 2017): 533-544. Full Text

Zeininger, A, Shapiro, LJ, and Raichlen, DA. "Ontogenetic changes in limb postures and their impact on effective limb length in baboons (Papio cynocephalus)." American journal of physical anthropology 163.2 (June 2017): 231-241. Full Text

Burgess, ML, Schmitt, D, Zeininger, A, McFarlin, SC, Zihlman, AL, Polk, JD, and Ruff, CB. "Ontogenetic scaling of fore limb and hind limb joint posture and limb bone cross-sectional geometry in vervets and baboons." American journal of physical anthropology 161.1 (September 2016): 72-83. Full Text

Zeininger, A, Patel, BA, Zipfel, B, and Carlson, KJ. "Trabecular architecture in the StW 352 fossil hominin calcaneus." Journal of human evolution 97 (August 2016): 145-158. Full Text