Lecturning Fellow, Senior of Evolutionary Anthropology
My primary areas of interest are the ontogeny of locomotion, trabecular bone remodeling, and the evolution and functional morphology of the hands and feet. I am interested in how forces incurred during locomotion influence the microarchitecture of trabecular bone. In particular, my research aims to 1) determine the magnitude and direction of forces that travel through bones during locomotion, 2) use advanced imaging techniques to identify evidence of ground reaction, muscle, and joint reaction forces as preserved in trabecular bone patterning, and 3) apply this method to the study of fossil hominins as an innovative way of reconstructing locomotor behavior in extinct species.
Schmitt, D, Zeininger, A, and Granatosky, M. "Patterns, variability, and flexibility of hand posture during locomotion in primates." The Evolution of the Primate Hand Anatomical, Developmental, Functional, and Paleontological Evidence. Ed. T Kivell, P Lemelin, B Richmond, and D Schmitt. New York: Springer, August 10, 2016. 345-369. (Chapter)
Zeininger, A, Schmitt, D, Jensen, JL, and Shapiro, LJ. "Ontogenetic changes in foot strike pattern and calcaneal loading during walking in young children." Gait & posture 59 (January 2018): 18-22. Full Text Open Access Copy
Granatosky, MC, Fitzsimons, A, Zeininger, A, and Schmitt, D. "Mechanisms for the functional differentiation of the propulsive and braking roles of the forelimbs and hindlimbs during quadrupedal walking in primates and felines." The Journal of experimental biology 221.Pt 2 (January 2018). Full Text Open Access Copy
Chirchir, H, Zeininger, A, Nakatsukasa, M, Ketcham, RA, and Richmond, BG. "Does trabecular bone structure within the metacarpal heads of primates vary with hand posture?." Comptes Rendus Palevol 16.5-6 (August 2017): 533-544. Full Text
Zeininger, A, Shapiro, LJ, and Raichlen, DA. "Ontogenetic changes in limb postures and their impact on effective limb length in baboons (Papio cynocephalus)." American journal of physical anthropology 163.2 (June 2017): 231-241. Full Text
Burgess, ML, Schmitt, D, Zeininger, A, McFarlin, SC, Zihlman, AL, Polk, JD, and Ruff, CB. "Ontogenetic scaling of fore limb and hind limb joint posture and limb bone cross-sectional geometry in vervets and baboons." American journal of physical anthropology 161.1 (September 2016): 72-83. Full Text
Zeininger, A, Patel, BA, Zipfel, B, and Carlson, KJ. "Trabecular architecture in the StW 352 fossil hominin calcaneus." Journal of human evolution 97 (August 2016): 145-158. Full Text
Zeininger, A, Richmond, BG, and Hartman, G. "Metacarpal head biomechanics: a comparative backscattered electron image analysis of trabecular bone mineral density in Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, and Homo sapiens." Journal of human evolution 60.6 (June 2011): 703-710. Full Text
Schmitt, D, Zeininger, A, Hamrick, E, Snyder, ML, Kivell, TL, and Wunderlich, RE. "Gorilla limb kinematics and hominoid locomotor diversity: Implications for hominin locomotor evolution." March 2016.
Granatosky, MC, Zeininger, A, and Schmitt, D. "Functional differentiation of the propulsive and braking roles of the forelimbs and hindlimbs during quadrupedal locomotion." March 2016.
Zeininger, A, and Carlson, KJ. "Trabecular morphology at the talocalcaneal and calcaneocuboid joints in StW 352 (Australopithecus africanus)." March 2015.
Zeininger, A, Schmitt, D, and Wunderlich, R. "Developmental timing of heel-strike plantigrady in chimpanzees and gorillas." March 2014.
Zeininger, A, and Ryan, TM. "First steps: Trabecular morphology of the juvenile calcaneus." 2010.
Chirchir, H, Richmond, BG, Griffin, NL, Nakatsukasa, M, Zeininger, A, and Ketcham, RA. "Hand biomechanics and trabecular architecture in hominoid metacarpals." 2010.