Anne Pusey

James B. Duke Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
101 Biological Sciences Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383
(919) 684-1848


I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., Stanford University 1978

LTREB Renewal: Female Settlement Patterns and Social Relationships in Chimpanzees, a Male-Philopatric Species awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2021

Studies of the Precursor of the Human AIDS Virus in its Natural Chimpanzee Host awarded by University of Pennsylvania (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2020

Social Integration in Female Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in Gombe National Park, Tanzania and Tchimpounga Sanctuary, C awarded by Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017

The Benefits of Male Relationships in the Gombe Chimpanzees awarded by L.S.B. Leakey Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2016

LTREB: Female Settlement Patterns and Social Relationships in Chimpanzees, a Male-Philopatric Species awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2016

Molecular Epidemiology and Natural History of SIVcpz awarded by University of Pennsylvania (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014

Goodall, J, and Pusey, A. "The Flo family." The Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality. Ed. P Whelehan and A Bolin. Wiley-Blackwell Reference, 2015. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "The magnitude and sources of variation in female reproductive performance." Evolution of Primate Societies. Ed. J Mitani, J Call, P Kappeler, R Palombit, and J Silk. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 344-366. (Chapter)

Pintea, L, Pusey, AE, Wilson, ML, Gilby, IC, Collins, A, Kamenya, S, and Goodall, JM. "Long-term ecological changes affecting the chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania." The Ecological Impact of Long-Term Changes in Africa's Rift Valley. Ed. AJ Plumptre. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011. 227-247. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "Inbreeding avoidance in primates." Incest, Inbreeding and the Incest Taboo. Ed. AP Wolf and WH Durham. Stanford: Stanford Uniersity Press, 2005. 61-75. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "Social Systems." Principles of Animal Behaviour. Ed. JL Giraldeau and Bolhuis. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004. 315-341. (Chapter)

Pandolfi, SS, van Schaik, CP, and Pusey, A. "Sex Differences in Termite Fishing Among Gombe Chimpanzees are Due to Socioecological Factors." Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies. Ed. F de Waal and P Tyack. Harvard Univesity Press, 2003. (Chapter)

Williams, JM, Liu, H, and Pusey, A. "Costs and benefits of grouping for female chimpanzees at Gombe." Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos. Ed. C Boesch, L Marchant, and G Hohmann. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 192-203. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "Of Apes and Genes." Tree of Origin. Ed. FBM de Waal. Harvard University Press, 2001. (Chapter)

Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "The ecology of relationships." Behavioural Ecology. Ed. J Krebs and NB Davies. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997. (Chapter)

Lewis, S, and Pusey, A. "Factors influencing the occurrence of communal care in plural breeders." Cooperative Breeding in Mammals. Ed. J French and N Solomon. Cambridge University Press, 1996. (Chapter)


Walker, KK, Rudicell, RS, Li, Y, Hahn, BH, Wroblewski, E, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzees breed with genetically dissimilar mates." Royal Society Open Science 4.1 (January 2017): 160422-160422. Full Text

Colchero, F, Rau, R, Jones, OR, Barthold, JA, Conde, DA, Lenart, A, Nemeth, L, Scheuerlein, A, Schoeley, J, Torres, C, Zarulli, V, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Bronikowski, AM, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, AE, Stoinski, TS, Strier, KB, Baudisch, A, Alberts, SC, and Vaupel, JW. "The emergence of longevous populations." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113.48 (November 21, 2016): E7681-E7690.

Bray, J, Pusey, AE, and Gilby, IC. "Incomplete control and concessions explain mating skew in male chimpanzees." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283.1842 (November 16, 2016): 20162071-20162071. Full Text

Murray, CM, Stanton, MA, Lonsdorf, EV, Wroblewski, EE, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee fathers bias their behaviour towards their offspring." Royal Society Open Science 3.11 (November 2016): 160441-160441. Full Text

Foerster, S, Franz, M, Murray, CM, Gilby, IC, Feldblum, JT, Walker, KK, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee females queue but males compete for social status." Scientific Reports 6 (October 14, 2016): 35404-35404. Full Text Open Access Copy

Borries, C, Sandel, AA, Koenig, A, Fernandez-Duque, E, Kamilar, JM, Amoroso, CR, Barton, RA, Bray, J, Di Fiore, A, Gilby, IC, Gordon, AD, Mundry, R, Port, M, Powell, LE, Pusey, AE, Spriggs, A, and Nunn, CL. "Transparency, usability, and reproducibility: Guiding principles for improving comparative databases using primates as examples." Evolutionary anthropology 25.5 (September 2016): 232-238. Full Text

Moeller, AH, Caro-Quintero, A, Mjungu, D, Georgiev, AV, Lonsdorf, EV, Muller, MN, Pusey, AE, Peeters, M, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Cospeciation of gut microbiota with hominids." Science (New York, N.Y.) 353.6297 (July 2016): 380-382. Full Text

Lonsdorf, EV, Gillespie, TR, Wolf, TM, Lipende, I, Raphael, J, Bakuza, J, Murray, CM, Wilson, ML, Kamenya, S, Mjungu, D, Collins, DA, Gilby, IC, Stanton, MA, Terio, KA, Barbian, HJ, Li, Y, Ramirez, M, Krupnick, A, Seidl, E, Goodall, J, Hahn, BH, Pusey, AE, and Travis, DA. "Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania." American journal of primatology (May 16, 2016). Full Text

Moeller, AH, Foerster, S, Wilson, ML, Pusey, AE, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome." Science Advances 2.1 (January 15, 2016): e1500997-e1500997. Full Text Open Access Copy

Smith, JE, Gavrilets, S, Mulder, MB, Hooper, PL, El Mouden, C, Nettle, D, Hauert, C, Hill, K, Perry, S, Pusey, AE, van Vugt, M, and Smith, EA. "Leadership in Mammalian Societies: Emergence, Distribution, Power, and Payoff." Trends in ecology & evolution 31.1 (January 2016): 54-66. (Review) Full Text


O'Malley, RC, Stanton, MA, Gilby, IC, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, A, Markham, AC, and Murray, CM. "Rank and reproductive state as predictors of female faunivory in Kasekela chimpanzees." March 2015.

Barbian, HJ, Ramirez, MA, Li, Y, Lipende, I, Mjungu, D, Pusey, AE, Lonsdorf, EV, Bibollet-Ruche, F, and Hahn, BH. "EVALUATING THE ENTERIC MICROBIOME OF SIVCPZ INFECTED WILD-LIVING CHIMPANZEES." September 2014.


Lonsdorf, E, Travis, D, Lipende, I, Gillespie, T, Raphael, J, Terio, K, Murray, C, Hahn, B, and Pusey, A. "THE GOMBE ECOHEALTH PROJECT: LONG-TERM INTEGRATED HEALTH-MONITORING IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." September 2014.

Travis, DA, Lonsdorf, EV, Gillespie, TR, Lipende, I, Raphael, J, Terio, KA, Murray, CM, Mjungu, D, Collins, A, Parsons, MB, Wolf, T, Singer, R, Hahn, BH, Wilson, ML, and Pusey, AE. "SCIENCE-BASED HEALTH MANAGEMENT PLANNING FOR GREAT APES." September 2014.

Schroepfer-Walker, KK, Pusey, A, Rudicell, RS, Ramirez, MA, Hahn, BH, and Wroblewski, E. "Females select mates that are less related than expected among the Gombe chimpanzees." 2013.

Lonsdorf, E, Travis, DA, Rudicell, RS, Gillespie, TR, Salzer, J, O'Donnell, C, Lantz, E, Nadler, Y, Raphael, JM, Hahn, B, and Pusey, AE. "OBSERVATIONAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF THE GOMBE CHIMPANZEES: CORRELATING CLINICAL SIGNS WITH DIAGNOSED INFECTIONS." August 2009.