Anne Pusey

James B. Duke Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
101 Biological Sciences Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383
(919) 684-1848


I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., Stanford University 1978

Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Infanticide in lions: consequences and counterstrategies." Infanticide and Parental Care. Ed. S Parmigiania and F vom Saal. London: Hardwood Academic Publishers, 1994. (Chapter)

Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Dispersal and the genetic structure of lion populations." The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. Ed. N Thornhill and W Shields. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. (Chapter)

Watts, D, and Pusey, A. "Life-history tactics of juvenile great apes." Juveniles: Comparative Socioecology. Ed. ME Pereira and LA Fairbanks. Oxford: Oxford University press, 1993. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "The primate perspective on dispersal." Dispersal: Small Mammals as a Model. Ed. NC Stenseth and WZ Lidicker. Chapman & Hall, 1992. 243-259. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "Mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance in nonhuman primates." Pedophilia: Biosocial dimensions. Ed. JR Feierman. Aldine de Gruyter, 1990. 201-220. (Chapter)

Packer, C, Herbst, L, Pusey, A, Bygott, JD, Hanby, JP, Cairns, SJ, and Borgerhoff-Mulder, M. "Reproductive success of lions." Reproductive Success. Ed. TH Clutton-Brock. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. 363-383. (Chapter)

Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Philopatry and dispersal." Primate Societies. Ed. BB Smuts, DL Cheney, RM Seyfarth, TT Struhsaker, and RW Wrangham. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. 250-266. (Chapter)

Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Asymmetric contests in social mammals: respect, manipulation and age specific aspects." Evolution. Ed. PJ Greenwood and M Slatkin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. (Chapter)

Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Infanticide in carnivores." Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives. Ed. G Hausfater and SB Hrdy. New York: Aldine, 1984. (Chapter)

Pusey, A. "Inter-community transfer of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park." The Great Apes. Ed. DA Hamburg and ER McCown. Menlo Park: Benjamin.Cummings, 1979. 464-479. (Chapter)


Lonsdorf, EV, Gillespie, TR, Wolf, TM, Lipende, I, Raphael, J, Bakuza, J, Murray, CM, Wilson, ML, Kamenya, S, Mjungu, D, Collins, DA, Gilby, IC, Stanton, MA, Terio, KA, Barbian, HJ, Li, Y, Ramirez, M, Krupnick, A, Seidl, E, Goodall, J, Hahn, BH, Pusey, AE, and Travis, DA. "Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania." American journal of primatology (May 16, 2016). Full Text

Bronikowski, AM, Cords, M, Alberts, SC, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, A, Stoinski, T, Strier, KB, and Morris, WF. "Female and male life tables for seven wild primate species." Scientific data 3 (March 2016): 160006-. Full Text

Moeller, AH, Foerster, S, Wilson, ML, Pusey, AE, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome." Science advances 2.1 (January 15, 2016): e1500997-. Full Text Open Access Copy

Foerster, S, Zhong, Y, Pintea, L, Murray, CM, Wilson, ML, Mjungu, DC, and Pusey, AE. "Feeding habitat quality and behavioral trade-offs in chimpanzees: a case for species distribution models." Behavioral Ecology 27.4 (2016): 1004-1016. Full Text

Smith, JE, Gavrilets, S, Mulder, MB, Hooper, PL, El Mouden, C, Nettle, D, Hauert, C, Hill, K, Perry, S, Pusey, AE, van Vugt, M, and Smith, EA. "Leadership in Mammalian Societies: Emergence, Distribution, Power, and Payoff." Trends in ecology & evolution 31.1 (January 2016): 54-66. (Review) Full Text

O'Malley, RC, Stanton, MA, Gilby, IC, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, A, Markham, AC, and Murray, CM. "Reproductive state and rank influence patterns of meat consumption in wild female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)." Journal of human evolution 90 (January 2016): 16-28. Full Text

Barbian, HJ, Li, Y, Ramirez, M, Klase, Z, Lipende, I, Mjungu, D, Moeller, AH, Wilson, ML, Pusey, AE, Lonsdorf, EV, Bushman, FD, and Hahn, BH. "Destabilization of the gut microbiome marks the end-stage of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in wild chimpanzees." American journal of primatology (December 16, 2015). Full Text

Gilby, IC, Machanda, ZP, Mjungu, DC, Rosen, J, Muller, MN, Pusey, AE, and Wrangham, RW. "'Impact hunters' catalyse cooperative hunting in two wild chimpanzee communities." Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 370.1683 (December 2015): 20150005-. Full Text

Foerster, S, McLellan, K, Schroepfer-Walker, K, Murray, CM, Krupenye, C, Gilby, IC, and Pusey, AE. "Social bonds in the dispersing sex: partner preferences among adult female chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 105 (July 2015): 139-152. Full Text

Wroblewski, EE, Norman, PJ, Guethlein, LA, Rudicell, RS, Ramirez, MA, Li, Y, Hahn, BH, Pusey, AE, and Parham, P. "Signature Patterns of MHC Diversity in Three Gombe Communities of Wild Chimpanzees Reflect Fitness in Reproduction and Immune Defense against SIVcpz." PLoS Biology 13.5 (May 28, 2015): e1002144-. Full Text