James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology
I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.
Liu, W, Li, Y, Shaw, KS, Learn, GH, Plenderleith, LJ, Malenke, JA, Sundararaman, SA, Ramirez, MA, Crystal, PA, Smith, AG, Bibollet-Ruche, F, Ayouba, A, Locatelli, S, Esteban, A, Mouacha, F, Guichet, E, Butel, C, Ahuka-Mundeke, S, Inogwabini, B-I, Ndjango, J-BN, Speede, S, Sanz, CM, Morgan, DB, Gonder, MK, Kranzusch, PJ, Walsh, PD, Georgiev, AV, Muller, MN, Piel, AK, Stewart, FA, Wilson, ML, Pusey, AE, Cui, L, Wang, Z, Färnert, A, Sutherland, CJ, Nolder, D, Hart, JA, Hart, TB, and Bertolani, P et al. "African origin of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax." Nature communications 5 (January 2014): 3346-. Full Text
Plooij, FX, van de Rijt-Plooij, H, Fischer, M, and Pusey, A. "Longitudinal recordings of the vocalizations of immature Gombe chimpanzees for developmental studies." Scientific data 1 (January 2014): 140025-. Full Text
Miller, JA, Pusey, AE, Gilby, IC, Schroepfer-Walker, KK, Catherine Markham, A, and Murray, CM. "Competing for space: female chimpanzees are more aggressive inside than outside their core areas." Animal Behaviour (November 22, 2013). Full Text
Moeller, AH, Shilts, M, Li, Y, Rudicell, RS, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, AE, Wilson, ML, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Siv-induced instability of the chimpanzee gut microbiome." Cell Host and Microbe 14.3 (September 11, 2013): 340-345. Full Text
Alberts, SC, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Cords, M, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, A, Stoinski, TS, Strier, KB, Morris, WF, and Bronikowski, AM. "Reproductive aging patterns in primates reveal that humans are distinct." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110.33 (August 13, 2013): 13440-13445. Full Text
Prado-Martinez, J, Sudmant, PH, Kidd, JM, Li, H, Kelley, JL, Lorente-Galdos, B, Veeramah, KR, Woerner, AE, O'Connor, TD, Santpere, G, Cagan, A, Theunert, C, Casals, F, Laayouni, H, Munch, K, Hobolth, A, Halager, AE, Malig, M, Hernandez-Rodriguez, J, Hernando-Herraez, I, Prüfer, K, Pybus, M, Johnstone, L, Lachmann, M, Alkan, C, Twigg, D, Petit, N, Baker, C, Hormozdiari, F, Fernandez-Callejo, M, Dabad, M, Wilson, ML, Stevison, L, Camprubí, C, Carvalho, T, Ruiz-Herrera, A, Vives, L, and Mele, M et al. "Great ape genetic diversity and population history." Nature 499.7459 (July 25, 2013): 471-475. Full Text
Gilby, I, Pusey, A, and Wilson, M. "Ecological and social correlates of inter-group aggression and predation in male chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 86 (2013): 61-74.
Gilby, IC, Brent, LJN, Wroblewski, EE, Rudicell, RS, Hahn, BH, Goodall, J, and Pusey, AE. "Fitness benefits of coalitionary aggression in male chimpanzees." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67.3 (2013): 373-381. Full Text
Gilby, IC, Wilson, ML, and Pusey, AE. "Ecology rather than psychology explains co-occurrence of predation and border patrols in male chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 86.1 (2013): 61-74. Full Text