James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology
I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.
Gilby, I, Pusey, A, and Wilson, M. "Ecological and social correlates of inter-group aggression and predation in male chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 86 (2013): 61-74.
Gilby, IC, Brent, LJN, Wroblewski, EE, Rudicell, RS, Hahn, BH, Goodall, J, and Pusey, AE. "Fitness benefits of coalitionary aggression in male chimpanzees." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67.3 (2013): 373-381. Full Text
Gilby, IC, Wilson, ML, and Pusey, AE. "Ecology rather than psychology explains co-occurrence of predation and border patrols in male chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 86.1 (2013): 61-74. Full Text
Gogarten, JF, Brown, LM, Chapman, CA, Cords, M, Doran-Sheehy, D, Fedigan, LM, Grine, FE, Perry, S, Pusey, AE, Sterck, EHM, Wich, SA, and Wright, PC. "Seasonal mortality patterns in non-human primates: implications for variation in selection pressures across environments." Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 66.10 (October 2012): 3252-3266. Full Text
Degnan, PH, Pusey, AE, Lonsdorf, EV, Goodall, J, Wroblewski, EE, Wilson, ML, Rudicell, RS, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Factors associated with the diversification of the gut microbial communities within chimpanzees from Gombe National Park." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109.32 (August 2012): 13034-13039. Full Text
Moeller, AH, Degnan, PH, Pusey, AE, Wilson, ML, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Chimpanzees and humans harbour compositionally similar gut enterotypes." Nature Communications 3 (2012). Full Text
Bronikowski, AM, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Cords, M, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, A, Stoinski, T, Morris, WF, Strier, KB, and Alberts, SC. "Aging in the natural world: comparative data reveal similar mortality patterns across primates." Science (New York, N.Y.) 331.6022 (March 2011): 1325-1328. Full Text
Morris, WF, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Cords, M, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, AE, Stoinski, TS, Bronikowski, AM, Alberts, SC, and Strier, KB. "Low demographic variability in wild primate populations: fitness impacts of variation, covariation, and serial correlation in vital rates." The American Naturalist 177.1 (January 2011): E14-E28. Full Text Open Access Copy
Langergraber, KE, Boesch, C, Inoue, E, Inoue-Murayama, M, Mitani, JC, Nishida, T, Pusey, A, Reynolds, V, Schubert, G, Wrangham, RW, Wroblewski, E, and Vigilant, L. "Genetic and 'cultural' similarity in wild chimpanzees." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278.1704 (2011): 408-416. Full Text