Christine M. Drea
Earl D. McLean Professor
I have two broad research interests, sexual differentiation and social behavior, both focused on hyenas and primates. I am particularly interested in unusual species in which the females display a suite of masculinized characteristics, including male- like or exaggerated external genitalia and social dominance. The study of naturally occurring hormones in such unique mammals can reveal general processes of hormonal activity, expressed in genital morphology, reproductive development, and social behavior. Taking a combined laboratory and field approach allows me to relate captive data to various facets of the animals' natural habitat, thereby enhancing the ecological validity of assay procedures and enriching interpretation in an evolutionary framework. The goal of comparative studies of hyenas and lemurs is to help elucidate the mechanisms of mammalian sexual differentiation.
My research program in social behavior focuses on social learning and group cohesion. Using naturalistic tasks that I present to captive animals in socially relevant contexts, I can investigate how social interaction modulates behavior, problem- solving, and cognitive performance. By studying and comparing models of carnivore and primate foraging, I can better understand how group-living animals modify their actions to meet environmental demands. A primary interest is determining whether similar factors, related to having a complex social organization, influence learning and performance across taxonomic groups. I am also interested in how animals learn rules of social conduct and maintain social cohesion, as evidenced by their patterns of behavioral developmental, the intricate balance between aggression and play, the expression of scent marking, and the social facilitation or inhibition of behavior.
Fagot, J, Drea, CM, and Wallen, K. "Asymmetrical hand use in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in tactually and visually regulated tasks." Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983) 105.3 (1991): 260-268. Full Text
Nagata, M, Hohman, TC, Nishimura, C, Drea, CM, Oliver, C, and Robison, WG. "Polyol and vacuole formation in cultured canine lens epithelial cells." Exp Eye Res 48.5 (May 1989): 667-677.
Katz, ML, Drea, CM, and Robison, WG. "Dietary vitamins A and E influence retinyl ester composition and content of the retinal pigment epithelium." Biochim Biophys Acta 924.3 (June 22, 1987): 432-441.
Katz, ML, Drea, CM, and Robison, WG. "Age-related alterations in vitamin A metabolism in the rat retina." Exp Eye Res 44.6 (June 1987): 939-949.
Katz, ML, Drea, CM, Eldred, GE, Hess, HH, and Robison, WG. "Influence of early photoreceptor degeneration on lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium." Exp Eye Res 43.4 (October 1986): 561-573.
Katz, ML, Drea, CM, and Robison, WG. "Relationship between dietary retinol and lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium." Mech Ageing Dev 35.3 (August 1986): 291-305.
KATZ, ML, DREA, CM, and ROBISON, WG. "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY RETINOL AND LIPOFUSCIN IN THE RETINAL-PIGMENT EPITHELIUM." AGE 8.4 (1985): 145-145.
DREA, CM, KATZ, ML, ROBISON, WG, and HESS, HH. "INFLUENCE OF EARLY PHOTORECEPTOR DEGENERATION ON LIPOFUSCIN IN THE RETINAL-PIGMENT EPITHELIUM." AGE 8.4 (1985): 146-146.