Christine M. Drea
Earl D. McLean Professor
I have two broad research interests, sexual differentiation and social behavior, both focused on hyenas and primates. I am particularly interested in unusual species in which the females display a suite of masculinized characteristics, including male- like or exaggerated external genitalia and social dominance. The study of naturally occurring hormones in such unique mammals can reveal general processes of hormonal activity, expressed in genital morphology, reproductive development, and social behavior. Taking a combined laboratory and field approach allows me to relate captive data to various facets of the animals' natural habitat, thereby enhancing the ecological validity of assay procedures and enriching interpretation in an evolutionary framework. The goal of comparative studies of hyenas and lemurs is to help elucidate the mechanisms of mammalian sexual differentiation.
My research program in social behavior focuses on social learning and group cohesion. Using naturalistic tasks that I present to captive animals in socially relevant contexts, I can investigate how social interaction modulates behavior, problem- solving, and cognitive performance. By studying and comparing models of carnivore and primate foraging, I can better understand how group-living animals modify their actions to meet environmental demands. A primary interest is determining whether similar factors, related to having a complex social organization, influence learning and performance across taxonomic groups. I am also interested in how animals learn rules of social conduct and maintain social cohesion, as evidenced by their patterns of behavioral developmental, the intricate balance between aggression and play, the expression of scent marking, and the social facilitation or inhibition of behavior.
Starling, AP, Charpentier, MJE, Fitzpatrick, C, Scordato, ES, and Drea, CM. "Seasonality, sociality, and reproduction: Long-term stressors of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)." Horm Behav 57.1 (January 2010): 76-85. Full Text
Charpentier, MJE, Crawford, JC, Boulet, M, and Drea, CM. "Message 'scent': Lemurs detect the genetic relatedness and quality of conspecifics via olfactory cues." Animal Behaviour 80.1 (2010): 101-108. Full Text
Boulet, M, Charpentier, MJE, and Drea, CM. "Decoding an olfactory mechanism of kin recognition and inbreeding avoidance in a primate. (Published online)" BMC Evol Biol 9 (December 3, 2009): 281-. Full Text Open Access Copy
Crawford, JC, Charpentier, MJE, Boulet, M, and Drea, CM. "Lemurs Discriminate the Scent of Conspecifics Based on Individual Heterozygosity and Pairwise Relatedness." INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY 49 (February 2009): E41-E41.
Leonhardt, SD, Tung, J, Camden, JB, Leal, M, and Drea, CM. "Seeing red: Behavioral evidence of trichromatic color vision in strepsirrhine primates." Behavioral Ecology 20.1 (2009): 1-12. Full Text
Drea, CM. "Endocrine mediators of masculinization in female mammals." Current Directions in Psychological Science 18.4 (2009): 221-226. Full Text
Drea, CM, and Carter, AN. "Cooperative problem solving in a social carnivore." Animal Behaviour 78.4 (2009): 967-977. Full Text
Charpentier, MJE, Boulet, M, and Drea, CM. "Smelling right: the scent of male lemurs advertises genetic quality and relatedness." Mol Ecol 17.14 (July 2008): 3225-3233. Full Text
Drea, CM, and Weil, A. "External genital morphology of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta): females are naturally "masculinized"." J Morphol 269.4 (April 2008): 451-463. Full Text
Charpentier, MJE, Williams, CV, and Drea, CM. "Inbreeding depression in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta): Genetic diversity predicts parasitism, immunocompetence, and survivorship." Conservation Genetics 9.6 (2008): 1605-1615. Full Text