Daniel Oliver Schmitt

Daniel Oliver Schmitt

Professor in the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
203 Biological Sciences Buildi, 130 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 684-5664


My primary interest is in the evolution of primate locomotion. I am studying the mechanics of movement in primates and other vertebrates in the laboratory to understand the relationship between movement and postcranial morphology, and the unique nature of primates among mammals. Current projects include the origins of primate locomotion and the evolution of vertebrate bipedalism.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1995

Bishop, KL, Pai, AK, and Schmitt, D. "Whole body mechanics of stealthy walking in cats." PLoS ONE 3.11 (2008). Full Text Open Access Copy

Cartmill, M, Lemelin, P, and Schmitt, D. "Primate gaits and primate origins." (December 1, 2007): 403-435. (Chapter) Full Text

Hutchinson, D, Ho, V, Dodd, M, Dawson, HN, Zumwalt, AC, Schmitt, D, and Colton, CA. "Quantitative measurement of postural sway in mouse models of human neurodegenerative disease." Neuroscience 148.4 (September 21, 2007): 825-832. Full Text

Cartmill, M, Lemelin, P, and Schmitt, D. "Understanding the adaptive value of diagonal-sequence gaits in primates: a comment on Shapiro and Raichlen, 2005." Am J Phys Anthropol 133.2 (June 2007): 822-825. Full Text

Schmitt, D, Cartmill, M, Griffin, TM, Hanna, JB, and Lemelin, P. "Adaptive value of ambling gaits in primates and other mammals." J Exp Biol 209.Pt 11 (June 2006): 2042-2049. Full Text

Stevens, NJ, Schmitt, DO, III, TMC, and Chan, L-K. "Technical note: Out-of-plane angular correction based on a trigonometric function for use in two-dimensional kinematic studies." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 129.3 (2006): 399-402. Full Text

Zumwalt, AC, Hamrick, M, and Schmitt, D. "Force plate for measuring the ground reaction forces in small animal locomotion." Journal of Biomechanics 39.15 (2006): 2877-2881. Full Text

Hanna, JB, Polk, JD, and Schmitt, D. "Forelimb and hindlimb forces in walking and galloping primates." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130.4 (2006): 529-535. Full Text

Chi, K-J, and Schmitt, D. "Mechanical energy and effective foot mass during impact loading of walking and running." Journal of Biomechanics 38.7 (2005): 1387-1395. Full Text