Steven E. Churchill

Professor in the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
Duke University, Evolutionary Anthropology, 130 Science Drive, Room 108, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383
Phone: 
(919) 660-7314

Overview

I am a human paleontologist studying morphological and behavioral adaptation in archaic and modern humans of the Middle and Late Pleistocene. Through comparative functional-morphological analysis of human fossil remains, coupled with investigation of the archeological record of prehistoric human behavior, my students and I conduct research in the following inter-related areas:

1) The ecology, energetics and adaptive strategies of premodern members of the genus Homo (especially the Neandertals [Homo neanderthalensis] of Europe and western Asia and Middle Pleistocene archaic humans of Africa [variously attributed to H. heidelbergensis, H. rhodesiensis or H. helmei] ) and early members of our own species [H. sapiens] in Africa, the Near East and Europe.

2) The evolution of human subsistence strategies across the Middle and Late Pleistocene, with an emphasis on the nature of the hunting methods employed by various groups.

3) The evolution of subsistence technology, especially the origins of true long-range projectile weaponry.

4) The community ecology of humans and large-bodied carnivores in Pleistocene Europe and Africa.

In addition to this basic research, our team is also actively engaged in fieldwork in southern Africa, with the goal of improving our understanding of the morphology and behavior of Middle Stone Age-associated early modern humans and their immediate ancestors (African Middle Pleistocene archaic humans).

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., University of New Mexico 1994

  • M.A., University of New Mexico 1989

  • B.S., Virginia Polytech Institute and State University 1981

Dissertation Research: Determinants of Form in the Pubis of Middle-to-Late Pleistocene Homo awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2004

Cultures in Contact: The Italian-American Riparo Bombrini Project awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2002

de Ruiter, DJ, Churchill, SE, Hawks, J, and Berger, LR. Late Australopiths and the Emergence of Homo. October 23, 2017. Full Text

Walker, CS, and Churchill, SE. "Territory size in Canis lupus: Implications for Neandertal mobility." Reconstructing Mobility: Environmental, Behavioral, and Morphological Determinants. April 1, 2014. 209-226. Full Text

Garvin, HM, Elliott, MC, Delezene, LK, Hawks, J, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and Holliday, TW. "Body size, brain size, and sexual dimorphism in Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber." Journal of human evolution 111 (October 2017): 119-138. Full Text

Hawks, J, Elliott, M, Schmid, P, Churchill, SE, Ruiter, DJD, Roberts, EM, Hilbert-Wolf, H, Garvin, HM, Williams, SA, Delezene, LK, Feuerriegel, EM, Randolph-Quinney, P, Kivell, TL, Laird, MF, Tawane, G, DeSilva, JM, Bailey, SE, Brophy, JK, Meyer, MR, Skinner, MM, Tocheri, MW, VanSickle, C, Walker, CS, Campbell, TL, Kuhn, B, Kruger, A, Tucker, S, Gurtov, A, Hlophe, N, Hunter, R, Morris, H, Peixotto, B, Ramalepa, M, Rooyen, DV, Tsikoane, M, Boshoff, P, Dirks, PH, and Berger, LR. "New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa." eLife 6 (May 9, 2017). Full Text

Walker, CS, Yapuncich, GS, Sridhar, S, Cameron, N, and Churchill, SE. "Evaluating morphometric body mass prediction equations with a juvenile human test sample: accuracy and applicability to small-bodied hominins." Journal of human evolution (May 2, 2017). Full Text

Churchill, SE, and Vansickle, C. "Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo." Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007) 300.5 (May 2017): 964-977. Full Text

Williams, SA, García-Martínez, D, Bastir, M, Meyer, MR, Nalla, S, Hawks, J, Schmid, P, Churchill, SE, and Berger, LR. "The vertebrae and ribs of Homo naledi." Journal of human evolution 104 (March 2017): 136-154. Full Text

Meyer, MR, Williams, SA, Schmid, P, Churchill, SE, and Berger, LR. "The cervical spine of Australopithecus sediba." Journal of human evolution 104 (March 2017): 32-49. Full Text

Marchi, D, Walker, CS, Wei, P, Holliday, TW, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and DeSilva, JM. "The thigh and leg of Homo naledi." Journal of human evolution 104 (March 2017): 174-204. Full Text

Feuerriegel, EM, Green, DJ, Walker, CS, Schmid, P, Hawks, J, Berger, LR, and Churchill, SE. "The upper limb of Homo naledi." Journal of human evolution 104 (March 2017): 155-173. Full Text

Randolph-Quinney, PS, Williams, SA, Steyn, M, Meyer, MR, Smilg, JS, Churchill, SE, Odes, EJ, Augustine, T, Tafforeau, P, and Berger, LR. "Osteogenic tumour in Australopithecus sediba: Earliest hominin evidence for neoplastic disease." South African Journal of Science Volume 112.Number 7/8 (July 27, 2016). Full Text

Churchill, SE, Walker, CS, and Schwartz, AM. "Home-range size in large-bodied carnivores as a model for predicting neandertal territory size." Evolutionary anthropology 25.3 (May 2016): 117-123. Full Text

Pages

Elliott, MC, Dirks, PHGM, Berger, LR, Roberts, EM, Kramers, JD, Hawks, J, Randolph-Quinney, PS, Musiba, CM, Churchill, SE, de Ruiter, DJ, Schmid, P, Backwell, LR, Belyanin, GA, Boshoff, P, Hunter, KL, Feuerriegel, EM, Gurtov, A, Harrison, JDG, Hunter, R, Kruger, A, Morris, H, and Peixotto, B. "Geological and taphonomic context of excavations within the Rising Star cave system." March 2016.

Williams, SA, Garcia-Martinez, D, Meyer, MR, Nalla, S, Schmid, P, Hawks, J, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and Bastir, M. "The axial skeleton and scaling of the trunk in Homo naledi." March 2016.

Walker, CS, Desilva, JM, Holliday, TW, Marchi, D, Garvin, HM, Cofran, Z, Hawks, J, Berger, LR, and Churchill, SE. "Relative length of the immature Homo naledi tibia UW 101-1070: evidence for elongation of the leg." March 2016.

Garvin, HM, Elliott, MC, Delezene, LK, Hawks, JD, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and Holliday, TW. "Body size and sexual dimorphism in H. naledi." March 2016.

Feuerriegel, EM, Green, DJ, Walker, CS, Schmid, P, Hawks, J, Berger, LR, and Churchill, SE. "The shoulder and upper limb of Homo naledi." March 2016.

Vansickle, C, Cofran, ZD, Garcia-Martinez, D, Williams, SA, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and Hawks, J. "Primitive pelvic features in a new species of Homo." March 2016.

Kivell, TL, Deane, AS, Tocheri, MW, Orr, CM, Schmid, P, Hawks, J, Berger, LR, and Churchill, SE. "Functional interpretation of the Homo naledi hand." March 2016.

Marchi, D, Walker, CS, Wei, P, Holliday, TW, Churchill, SE, Berger, LR, and Desilva, JM. "Thigh and leg remains of Homo naledi." March 2016.

Sylvester, AD, Desilva, JM, Churchill, SE, and Berger, LR. "Three-dimensional shape analysis of the distal femur of Australopithecus sediba." March 2015.

Brophy, JK, de Ruiter, DJ, Berger, LR, Churchill, SE, and Schmid, P. "Morphometric analyses of maxillary and mandibular first molars of Pleistocene hominins." March 2015.

Pages