James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology
I have recently retired and am not taking on new students although I am continuing some research projects. I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty five years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.
Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Infanticide in lions: consequences and counterstrategies." Infanticide and Parental Care. Ed. Parmigiania, S and vom Saal, F. London.: Hardwood Academic Publishers. 1994. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Dispersal and the genetic structure of lion populations." The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. Ed. Thornhill, N and Shields, W. Chicago.: University of Chicago Press. 1993. (Chapter)
Watts, D, and Pusey, A. "Life-history tactics of juvenile great apes." Juveniles: Comparative Socioecology. Ed. Pereira, ME and Fairbanks, LA. Oxford.: Oxford University press. 1993. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "The primate perspective on dispersal." Dispersal: Small Mammals as a Model. Ed. Stenseth, NC and Lidicker, WZ.: Chapman & Hall. 1992. 243-259. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "Mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance in nonhuman primates." Pedophilia: Biosocial dimensions. Ed. Feierman, JR.: Aldine de Gruyter. 1990. 201-220. (Chapter)
Packer, C, Herbst, L, Pusey, A, Bygott, JD, Hanby, JP, Cairns, SJ, and Borgerhoff-Mulder, M. "Reproductive success of lions." Reproductive Success. Ed. Clutton-Brock, TH. Chicago.: University of Chicago Press. 1988. 363-383. (Chapter)
Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Philopatry and dispersal." Primate Societies. Ed. Smuts, BB, Cheney, DL, Seyfarth, RM, Struhsaker, TT and Wrangham, RW. Chicago.: University of Chicago Press. 1987. 250-266. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Asymmetric contests in social mammals: respect, manipulation and age specific aspects." Evolution. Ed. Greenwood, PJ and Slatkin, M. Cambridge.: Cambridge University Press. 1985. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Infanticide in carnivores." Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives. Ed. Hausfater, G and Hrdy, SB. New York.: Aldine. 1984. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "Inter-community transfer of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park." The Great Apes. Ed. Hamburg, DA and McCown, ER. Menlo Park.: Benjamin.Cummings. 1979. 464-479. (Chapter)
Campos, FA, Morris, WF, Alberts, SC, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Cords, M, Pusey, A, Stoinski, TS, Strier, KB, and Fedigan, LM. "Does climate variability influence the demography of wild primates? Evidence from long-term life-history data in seven species." Global Change Biology 23.11 (November 2017): 4907-4921. Full Text
Weiss, A, Wilson, ML, Collins, DA, Mjungu, D, Kamenya, S, Foerster, S, and Pusey, AE. "Personality in the chimpanzees of Gombe National Park." Scientific Data 4 (October 24, 2017): 170146-null. Full Text
Stanton, MA, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, AE, and Murray, CM. "Do juveniles help or hinder? Influence of juvenile offspring on maternal behavior and reproductive outcomes in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)." Journal of Human Evolution 111 (October 2017): 152-162. Full Text
Gilby, IC, Machanda, ZP, O'Malley, RC, Murray, CM, Lonsdorf, EV, Walker, K, Mjungu, DC, Otali, E, Muller, MN, Emery Thompson, M, Pusey, AE, and Wrangham, RW. "Predation by female chimpanzees: Toward an understanding of sex differences in meat acquisition in the last common ancestor of Pan and Homo." Journal of Human Evolution 110 (September 2017): 82-94. Full Text
Walker, KK, Rudicell, RS, Li, Y, Hahn, BH, Wroblewski, E, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzees breed with genetically dissimilar mates." Royal Society Open Science 4.1 (January 11, 2017): 160422-null. Full Text
Colchero, F, Rau, R, Jones, OR, Barthold, JA, Conde, DA, Lenart, A, Nemeth, L, Scheuerlein, A, Schoeley, J, Torres, C, Zarulli, V, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Bronikowski, AM, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, AE, Stoinski, TS, Strier, KB, Baudisch, A, Alberts, SC, and Vaupel, JW. "The emergence of longevous populations." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113.48 (November 21, 2016): E7681-E7690. Full Text Open Access Copy
Murray, CM, Stanton, MA, Lonsdorf, EV, Wroblewski, EE, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee fathers bias their behaviour towards their offspring." Royal Society Open Science 3.11 (November 1, 2016). Full Text
Bray, J, Pusey, AE, and Gilby, IC. "Incomplete control and concessions explain mating skew in male chimpanzees." Proceedings. Biological Sciences 283.1842 (November 2016). Full Text
Foerster, S, Franz, M, Murray, CM, Gilby, IC, Feldblum, JT, Walker, KK, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee females queue but males compete for social status." Scientific Reports 6 (October 14, 2016): 35404-null. Full Text Open Access Copy
Borries, C, Sandel, AA, Koenig, A, Fernandez-Duque, E, Kamilar, JM, Amoroso, CR, Barton, RA, Bray, J, Di Fiore, A, Gilby, IC, Gordon, AD, Mundry, R, Port, M, Powell, LE, Pusey, AE, Spriggs, A, and Nunn, CL. "Transparency, usability, and reproducibility: Guiding principles for improving comparative databases using primates as examples." Evolutionary Anthropology 25.5 (September 2016): 232-238. Full Text
Wolf, TM, Lonsdorf, E, Lipende, I, Gillespie, T, Terio, K, Hahn, B, Pusey, A, Murray, C, Singer, R, and Travis, D. "EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF RESPIRATORY DISEASE OUTBREAKS AMONG CHIMPANZEES (PAN TROGLODYTES SCHWEINFURTHII) IN GOMBE STREAM NATIONAL PARK FROM 2004-2012." 37th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists. September 12, 2014 - September 15, 2014. Decatur, GA.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, September 1, 2014.
Lonsdorf, E, Travis, D, Lipende, I, Gillespie, T, Raphael, J, Terio, K, Murray, C, Hahn, B, and Pusey, A. "THE GOMBE ECOHEALTH PROJECT: LONG-TERM INTEGRATED HEALTH-MONITORING IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." 37th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists. September 12, 2014 - September 15, 2014. Decatur, GA.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, September 1, 2014.
Travis, DA, Lonsdorf, EV, Gillespie, TR, Lipende, I, Raphael, J, Terio, KA, Murray, CM, Mjungu, D, Collins, A, Parsons, MB, Wolf, T, Singer, R, Hahn, BH, Wilson, ML, and Pusey, AE. "SCIENCE-BASED HEALTH MANAGEMENT PLANNING FOR GREAT APES." 37th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists. September 12, 2014 - September 15, 2014. Decatur, GA.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, September 1, 2014.
Mjungu, DC, Lipende, I, Walker, KS, Gilby, IC, Murray, C, Wroblewski, E, Ramirez, M, Hahn, B, Pusey, AE, and Wilson, ML. "Within-group infanticide and infanticidal attempts by the alpha male chimpanzee at Gombe National Park, Tanzania." 83rd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists. April 8, 2014 - April 12, 2014. Calgary, CANADA.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, March 1, 2014.
Schroepfer-Walker, KK, Pusey, A, Rudicell, RS, Ramirez, MA, Hahn, BH, and Wroblewski, E. "Females select mates that are less related than expected among the Gombe chimpanzees." 82nd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists. April 9, 2013 - April 13, 2013. Knoxville, TN.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, January 1, 2013.
Wilson, ML, Boesch, C, Furuichi, T, Gilby, IC, Hashimoto, C, Hohmann, G, Itoh, N, Matsuzawa, T, Mitani, J, Mjungu, DC, Morgan, D, Nakamura, M, Pruetz, J, Pusey, AE, Sanz, C, Simmons, N, White, F, Watts, DP, Zuberbuhler, K, and Wrangham, RW. "Rates of lethal aggression in chimpanzees depend on the number of adult males rather than measures of human disturbance." 81st Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists. 2012. Portland, OR.: WILEY-BLACKWELL, January 1, 2012.
Lonsdorf, E, Travis, DA, Rudicell, RS, Gillespie, TR, Salzer, J, O'Donnell, C, Lantz, E, Nadler, Y, Raphael, JM, Hahn, B, and Pusey, AE. "OBSERVATIONAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF THE GOMBE CHIMPANZEES: CORRELATING CLINICAL SIGNS WITH DIAGNOSED INFECTIONS." August 2009.