James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology
I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.
Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Infanticide in lions: consequences and counterstrategies." Infanticide and Parental Care. Ed. S Parmigiania and F vom Saal. London: Hardwood Academic Publishers, 1994. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Dispersal and the genetic structure of lion populations." The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. Ed. N Thornhill and W Shields. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. (Chapter)
Watts, D, and Pusey, A. "Life-history tactics of juvenile great apes." Juveniles: Comparative Socioecology. Ed. ME Pereira and LA Fairbanks. Oxford: Oxford University press, 1993. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "The primate perspective on dispersal." Dispersal: Small Mammals as a Model. Ed. NC Stenseth and WZ Lidicker. Chapman & Hall, 1992. 243-259. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "Mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance in nonhuman primates." Pedophilia: Biosocial dimensions. Ed. JR Feierman. Aldine de Gruyter, 1990. 201-220. (Chapter)
Packer, C, Herbst, L, Pusey, A, Bygott, JD, Hanby, JP, Cairns, SJ, and Borgerhoff-Mulder, M. "Reproductive success of lions." Reproductive Success. Ed. TH Clutton-Brock. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. 363-383. (Chapter)
Pusey, A, and Packer, C. "Philopatry and dispersal." Primate Societies. Ed. BB Smuts, DL Cheney, RM Seyfarth, TT Struhsaker, and RW Wrangham. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. 250-266. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Asymmetric contests in social mammals: respect, manipulation and age specific aspects." Evolution. Ed. PJ Greenwood and M Slatkin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. (Chapter)
Packer, C, and Pusey, A. "Infanticide in carnivores." Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives. Ed. G Hausfater and SB Hrdy. New York: Aldine, 1984. (Chapter)
Pusey, A. "Inter-community transfer of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park." The Great Apes. Ed. DA Hamburg and ER McCown. Menlo Park: Benjamin.Cummings, 1979. 464-479. (Chapter)
Gilby, IC, Machanda, ZP, O'Malley, RC, Murray, CM, Lonsdorf, EV, Walker, K, Mjungu, DC, Otali, E, Muller, MN, Emery Thompson, M, Pusey, AE, and Wrangham, RW. "Predation by female chimpanzees: Toward an understanding of sex differences in meat acquisition in the last common ancestor of Pan and Homo." Journal of Human Evolution 110 (September 2017): 82-94. Full Text
Walker, KK, Rudicell, RS, Li, Y, Hahn, BH, Wroblewski, E, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzees breed with genetically dissimilar mates." Royal Society open science 4.1 (January 11, 2017): 160422-. Full Text
Foerster, S, Franz, M, Murray, CM, Gilby, IC, Feldblum, JT, Walker, KK, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee females queue but males compete for social status." Scientific Reports 6.1 (December 2016). Full Text Open Access Copy
Colchero, F, Rau, R, Jones, OR, Barthold, JA, Conde, DA, Lenart, A, Nemeth, L, Scheuerlein, A, Schoeley, J, Torres, C, Zarulli, V, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Bronikowski, AM, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, AE, Stoinski, TS, Strier, KB, Baudisch, A, Alberts, SC, and Vaupel, JW. "The emergence of longevous populations." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113.48 (November 21, 2016): E7681-E7690. Full Text Open Access Copy
Murray, CM, Stanton, MA, Lonsdorf, EV, Wroblewski, EE, and Pusey, AE. "Chimpanzee fathers bias their behaviour towards their offspring." Royal Society Open Science 3.11 (November 2016): 160441-160441. Full Text
Bray, J, Pusey, AE, and Gilby, IC. "Incomplete control and concessions explain mating skew in male chimpanzees." Proceedings. Biological Sciences 283.1842 (November 2016). Full Text
Borries, C, Sandel, AA, Koenig, A, Fernandez-Duque, E, Kamilar, JM, Amoroso, CR, Barton, RA, Bray, J, Di Fiore, A, Gilby, IC, Gordon, AD, Mundry, R, Port, M, Powell, LE, Pusey, AE, Spriggs, A, and Nunn, CL. "Transparency, usability, and reproducibility: Guiding principles for improving comparative databases using primates as examples." Evolutionary anthropology 25.5 (September 2016): 232-238. Full Text
Moeller, AH, Caro-Quintero, A, Mjungu, D, Georgiev, AV, Lonsdorf, EV, Muller, MN, Pusey, AE, Peeters, M, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Cospeciation of gut microbiota with hominids." Science (New York, N.Y.) 353.6297 (July 2016): 380-382. Full Text
Bronikowski, AM, Cords, M, Alberts, SC, Altmann, J, Brockman, DK, Fedigan, LM, Pusey, A, Stoinski, T, Strier, KB, and Morris, WF. "Female and male life tables for seven wild primate species." Scientific data 3 (March 2016): 160006-. Full Text
Moeller, AH, Foerster, S, Wilson, ML, Pusey, AE, Hahn, BH, and Ochman, H. "Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome." Science advances 2.1 (January 15, 2016): e1500997-. Full Text Open Access Copy
Schroepfer-Walker, KK, Pusey, A, Rudicell, RS, Ramirez, MA, Hahn, BH, and Wroblewski, E. "Females select mates that are less related than expected among the Gombe chimpanzees." 2013.
Wilson, ML, Boesch, C, Furuichi, T, Gilby, IC, Hashimoto, C, Hohmann, G, Itoh, N, Matsuzawa, T, Mitani, J, Mjungu, DC, Morgan, D, Nakamura, M, Pruetz, J, Pusey, AE, Sanz, C, Simmons, N, White, F, Watts, DP, Zuberbuhler, K, and Wrangham, RW. "Rates of lethal aggression in chimpanzees depend on the number of adult males rather than measures of human disturbance." 2012.
Lonsdorf, E, Travis, DA, Rudicell, RS, Gillespie, TR, Salzer, J, O'Donnell, C, Lantz, E, Nadler, Y, Raphael, JM, Hahn, B, and Pusey, AE. "OBSERVATIONAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF THE GOMBE CHIMPANZEES: CORRELATING CLINICAL SIGNS WITH DIAGNOSED INFECTIONS." August 2009.