Anne Pusey

Anne Pusey

James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
101 Biological Sciences Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383
(919) 684-1848


I am interested in understanding the evolution of sociality, social structure, and the patterns of competition, cooperation and social bonds in animal species, including humans. Most of my work has focused on social mammals: lions and chimpanzees. For the last twenty years I have worked almost exclusively on the long term Gombe chimpanzee project. I have gathered the data from this study into an archive, currently housed at Duke, and I oversee the computerization of systematically collected daily data, incorporating this and related material into a relational database. I also advise on the ongoing field study at Gombe, and advise students working there. Combined analysis of the long-term data and focused new data collection in the field enables study of a wide variety of questions. Current projects in my research group include studies of female social relationships and female settlement patterns, and the importance of alliances in males. We also participate in collaborative work with colleagues at a number of other institutions on studies of life history, personality, and health, including studying the natural history of SIVcpz.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., Stanford University 1978

Pusey, A. "Age changes in the mother offspring association of wild chimpanzees." Recent Advances in Primatology. Ed. DJ Chivers and J Herbert. London: Academic Press, 1978. 119-123. (Chapter)


Smith, JE, Gavrilets, S, Mulder, MB, Hooper, PL, Mouden, CE, Nettle, D, Hauert, C, Hill, K, Perry, S, Pusey, AE, van Vugt, M, and Smith, EA. "Leadership in Mammalian Societies: Emergence, Distribution, Power, and Payoff." Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31.1 (January 2016): 54-66. (Review) Full Text

O'Malley, RC, Stanton, MA, Gilby, IC, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, A, Markham, AC, and Murray, CM. "Reproductive state and rank influence patterns of meat consumption in wild female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)." Journal of Human Evolution 90 (January 2016): 16-28. Full Text

Foerster, S, Zhong, Y, Pintea, L, Murray, CM, Wilson, ML, Mjungu, DC, and Pusey, AE. "Feeding habitat quality and behavioral trade-offs in chimpanzees: a case for species distribution models." Behavioral Ecology 27.4 (2016): 1004-1016. Full Text

Gilby, IC, Machanda, ZP, Mjungu, DC, Rosen, J, Muller, MN, Pusey, AE, and Wrangham, RW. "'Impact hunters' catalyse cooperative hunting in two wild chimpanzee communities." Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 370.1683 (December 2015): 20150005-. Full Text

Foerster, S, McLellan, K, Schroepfer-Walker, K, Murray, CM, Krupenye, C, Gilby, IC, and Pusey, AE. "Social bonds in the dispersing sex: partner preferences among adult female chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 105 (July 2015): 139-152. Full Text

Wroblewski, EE, Norman, PJ, Guethlein, LA, Rudicell, RS, Ramirez, MA, Li, Y, Hahn, BH, Pusey, AE, and Parham, P. "Signature Patterns of MHC Diversity in Three Gombe Communities of Wild Chimpanzees Reflect Fitness in Reproduction and Immune Defense against SIVcpz." PLoS biology 13.5 (May 28, 2015): e1002144-. Full Text

Markham, AC, Lonsdorf, EV, Pusey, AE, and Murray, CM. "Maternal rank influences the outcome of aggressive interactions between immature chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 100 (February 2015): 192-198. Full Text Open Access Copy

Plooij, FX, van de Rijt-Plooij, H, Fischer, M, Wilson, ML, and Pusey, A. "An archive of longitudinal recordings of the vocalizations of adult Gombe chimpanzees." Scientific data 2 (January 2015): 150027-. Full Text

Feldblum, JT, Wroblewski, EE, Rudicell, RS, Hahn, BH, Paiva, T, Cetinkaya-Rundel, M, Pusey, AE, and Gilby, IC. "Sexually coercive male chimpanzees sire more offspring." Current biology : CB 24.23 (December 2014): 2855-2860. Full Text Open Access Copy

Murray, CM, Lonsdorf, EV, Stanton, MA, Wellens, KR, Miller, JA, Goodall, J, and Pusey, AE. "Early social exposure in wild chimpanzees: mothers with sons are more gregarious than mothers with daughters." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111.51 (December 2014): 18189-18194. Full Text Open Access Copy