Christine Elizabeth Wall
Research Professor Emerita of Evolutionary Anthropology
The focus of my work is the functional and evolutionary anatomy of the head, with an emphasis on how the feeding apparatus works and how it influences and is influenced by other structures and functions. My research focuses primarily on the functional anatomy of extant and extinct primates, but I am also interested in other mammalian groups.
Current research projects include:
(1) a detailed study of the architecture, fiber types, and the recruitment patterns of the jaw adductor muscles of priamtes. The goals are to determine the nature of the general relationship between architecture (e.g., cross-sectional area) and fiber type for the jaw adductors, to find out whether the jaw adductors are sexually dimorphic in these anthropoid primates, to test for co-variation with dietary adaptation, and to develop biomechanical models to describe this relationship and relate it to size, function, and energetic requirements;
(2) investigations of the energetic costs of feeding behaviors in humans and nonhuman primates. The goal of this work is to better understand the relationship between the functional anatomy of the feeding apparatus and the metabolic costs that an animal incurs during feeding.
(3) development of a public database - the Feeding Experiments End-user Database (FEED, www.feedexp.org) in collaboration with Dr. Rebecca German (Johns Hopkins), Dr. Susan Williams (Ohio Univ.), Dr. Chris Vinyard (NEOUCOM), and the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center. This database includes physiological data from a large number of mammalian species collected by numerous researchers. Its design will allow synthetic and integrative analyses of the evolution of the oropharyngeal apparatus and feeding behaviors in mammals. The public instance of FEED is available at https://feedexp.org/ We are also developing new analytical tools for inter-specific comparisons of raw electromyographic recordings that can be used to process data in FEED.
Function and Evolution of Jaw-Muscle Fiber Type in Primates awarded by Touro University (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2020
Function and Evolution of Jaw-Muscle FIber Type in Primates awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2019
Collaborative Research-ABI Innovation: A novel database and ontology for evolutionary analyses of mammalian feeding awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2016
Energetic Costs of Feeding in Primates awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2016
Collaborative Research: Genetic Bases for the Evolution of Human Diet awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2008 to 2014
Adductor Muscle Function and Fiber Type in Macaca and Papio awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2006
Strain in The Facial Bones of Primates awarded by National Institutes of Health (Post Doctoral Trainee). 1976 to 2000
Muscular Effect On Mandibular Movements awarded by National Institutes of Health (PI-Fellow). 1995 to 1998
Muscular Effect On Mandibular Movements awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1995 to 1998
\Uscular Effect On Mandibular Movements In Primates awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1995 to 1998
Vinyard, C. J., et al. “The evolutionary morphology of tree gouging in marmosets.” The Smallest Anthropoids: The Marmoset/Callimico Radiation, edited by L. C. Davis et al., Springer Academic Publishers, 2009.
Wall, C. E., et al. “Specialization of the superficial anterior temporalis muscle for hard-object feeding in baboons.” Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology, edited by C. J. Vinyard et al., Springer Academic Publishers, 2008, pp. 113–26.
Perry, J. M. G., and C. E. Wall. “Scaling of the chewing muscles in prosimians.” Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology, edited by C. J. Vinyard et al., Springer Academic Publishers, 2008.
Williams, S. H., et al. “Symphyseal fusion in selenodont artiodactyls: new insights from in vivo and comparative data.” Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology, edited by C. J. Vinyard et al., Springer Academic Publishers, 2008.
Schmitt, D., et al. “Experimental comparative anatomy in physical anthropology: the functional anatomy of the skull and the contributions of Dr. William Hylander..” Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology, edited by C. J. Vinyard et al., Springer Academic Publishers, 2008.
Vinyard, C. J., et al. “Functional morphology of the primate masticatory apparatus and the origin of primates.” Primate Origins and Adaptations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, edited by M. J. Ravosa and M. Dagosto, Kluwer Press, 2006, pp. 179–231.
Hylander, W. L., et al. “Jaw adductor force and symphyseal fusion.” Shaping Primate Evolution, edited by F. Anapol et al., Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 229–57.
Wall, C. E., et al. “Correlation between transverse mandibular movement and masseter muscle activity during chewing in Papio anubis.” Dental Morphology 2001, edited by A. Brook, Sheffield Academic Press, Ltd, 2001, pp. 277–82.
Vinyard, C. J., et al. “A preliminary report on the jaw mechanics during tree gouging in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus).” Dental Morphology 2001, edited by A. Brook, Sheffield Academic Press, Ltd, 2001, pp. 283–98.
Wall, C. E., and K. K. Smith. “Ingestion in mammals.” Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Macmillan, 2001.
Granatosky, Michael C., et al. “Inter-stride variability triggers gait transitions in mammals and birds..” Proceedings. Biological Sciences, vol. 285, no. 1893, Dec. 2018. Epmc, doi:10.1098/rspb.2018.1766. Full Text
Wall, Christine E., et al. “Proteomics and immunohistochemistry identify the expression of α-cardiac myosin heavy chain in the jaw-closing muscles of sooty mangabeys (order Primates)..” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 91, July 2018, pp. 103–08. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2018.01.019. Full Text
Ying, Rex, and Christine E. Wall. “A method for discrimination of noise and EMG signal regions recorded during rhythmic behaviors..” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 49, no. 16, Dec. 2016, pp. 4113–18. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.10.010. Full Text
Peckre, Louise, et al. “Holding-on: co-evolution between infant carrying and grasping behaviour in strepsirrhines..” Scientific Reports, vol. 6, Nov. 2016. Epmc, doi:10.1038/srep37729. Full Text
Dumont, M., et al. “Do functional demands associated with locomotor habitat, diet, and activity pattern drive skull shape evolution in musteloid carnivorans?.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 117, no. 4, Apr. 2016, pp. 858–78. Scopus, doi:10.1111/bij.12719. Full Text
Druzinsky, Robert E., et al. “Muscle Logic: New Knowledge Resource for Anatomy Enables Comprehensive Searches of the Literature on the Feeding Muscles of Mammals..” Plos One, vol. 11, no. 2, Jan. 2016. Epmc, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149102. Full Text Open Access Copy
Huq, E., et al. “Epaxial muscle fiber architecture favors enhanced excursion and power in the leaper Galago senegalensis.” Journal of Anatomy, vol. 227, no. 4, Oct. 2015, pp. 524–40. Scopus, doi:10.1111/joa.12351. Full Text
Horvath, Julie E., et al. “Genetic comparisons yield insight into the evolution of enamel thickness during human evolution..” Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 73, Aug. 2014, pp. 75–87. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.01.005. Full Text
Wall, Christine E., et al. “Regional variation in IIM myosin heavy chain expression in the temporalis muscle of female and male baboons (Papio anubis)..” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 58, no. 4, Apr. 2013, pp. 435–43. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2012.09.008. Full Text
Huq, Emranul, et al. “Fiber type composition of epaxial muscles is geared toward facilitating rapid spinal extension in the leaper Galago senegalensis..” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 166, no. 1, 2018, pp. 95–106. Epmc, doi:10.1002/ajpa.23405. Full Text
“Biomechanics of Mammalian Feeding and Primate Evolution. Proceedings of a symposium. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA. April 9-13, 1996..” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 112, no. 4, 2000, pp. 447–613. Epmc, doi:10.1002/1096-8644(200008)112:4<447::aid-ajpa2>3.0.co;2-b. Full Text
Ross, C. F., and C. E. Wall. “Mammalian feeding and primate evolution: An overview.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 112, no. 4, 4 Sept. 2000, pp. 449–53. Scopus, doi:10.1002/1096-8644(200008)112:4<449::AID-AJPA3>3.0.CO;2-6. Full Text