Christine M. Drea

Christine M. Drea

Earl D. McLean Professor

External address: 
129 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, 08 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708-0383
(919) 660-7367


I have two broad research interests, sexual differentiation and social behavior, both focused on hyenas and primates. I am particularly interested in unusual species in which the females display a suite of masculinized characteristics, including male- like or exaggerated external genitalia and social dominance. The study of naturally occurring hormones in such unique mammals can reveal general processes of hormonal activity, expressed in genital morphology, reproductive development, and social behavior. Taking a combined laboratory and field approach allows me to relate captive data to various facets of the animals' natural habitat, thereby enhancing the ecological validity of assay procedures and enriching interpretation in an evolutionary framework. The goal of comparative studies of hyenas and lemurs is to help elucidate the mechanisms of mammalian sexual differentiation.

My research program in social behavior focuses on social learning and group cohesion. Using naturalistic tasks that I present to captive animals in socially relevant contexts, I can investigate how social interaction modulates behavior, problem- solving, and cognitive performance. By studying and comparing models of carnivore and primate foraging, I can better understand how group-living animals modify their actions to meet environmental demands. A primary interest is determining whether similar factors, related to having a complex social organization, influence learning and performance across taxonomic groups. I am also interested in how animals learn rules of social conduct and maintain social cohesion, as evidenced by their patterns of behavioral developmental, the intricate balance between aggression and play, the expression of scent marking, and the social facilitation or inhibition of behavior.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., Emory University 1991

  • M.A., Emory University 1990

  • B.S., University of Maryland, College Park 1984

Glickman, S. E., et al. “Social facilitation, affiliation, and dominance in the social life of spotted hyenas.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 807, Jan. 1997, pp. 175–84. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1997.tb51919.x. Full Text

Drea, Christine M. “Primate Handedness: An Emerging Discipline?Contemporary Psychology: A Journal of Reviews, vol. 41, no. 7, Portico, July 1996, pp. 681–82. Crossref, doi:10.1037/004622. Full Text

Drea, C. M., et al. “Aggression decreases as play emerges in infant spotted hyaenas: Preparation for joining the clan.” Animal Behaviour, vol. 51, no. 6, Jan. 1996, pp. 1323–36. Scopus, doi:10.1006/anbe.1996.0136. Full Text

Drea, C. M., et al. “Neonatal testosterone and handedness in yearling rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).Physiology & Behavior, vol. 58, no. 6, Dec. 1995, pp. 1257–62. Epmc, doi:10.1016/0031-9384(95)02026-8. Full Text

Drea, C. M., and K. Wallen. “Gradual acquisition of visual discrimination tasks in a social group of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).” Animal Learning &Amp; Behavior, vol. 23, no. 1, Mar. 1995, pp. 1–8. Scopus, doi:10.3758/BF03198009. Full Text

Fagot, J., et al. “Asymmetrical hand use in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in tactually and visually regulated tasks.Journal of Comparative Psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983), vol. 105, no. 3, Sept. 1991, pp. 260–68. Epmc, doi:10.1037/0735-7036.105.3.260. Full Text

Fagot, J., et al. “Asymmetrical hand use in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in tactually and visually regulated tasks.Journal of Comparative Psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983), vol. 105, no. 3, 1991, pp. 260–68. Scival, doi:10.1037//0735-7036.105.3.260. Full Text

Nagata, M., et al. “Polyol and vacuole formation in cultured canine lens epithelial cells.Experimental Eye Research, vol. 48, no. 5, May 1989, pp. 667–77. Epmc, doi:10.1016/0014-4835(89)90008-0. Full Text

Katz, M. L., et al. “Age-related alterations in vitamin A metabolism in the rat retina.Experimental Eye Research, vol. 44, no. 6, June 1987, pp. 939–49. Epmc, doi:10.1016/s0014-4835(87)80055-6. Full Text

Katz, M. L., et al. “Dietary vitamins A and E influence retinyl ester composition and content of the retinal pigment epithelium.Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta, vol. 924, no. 3, June 1987, pp. 432–41. Epmc, doi:10.1016/0304-4165(87)90157-7. Full Text