Daniel Oliver Schmitt

Daniel Oliver Schmitt

Professor in the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
203 Biological Sciences Buildi, 130 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 684-5664


My primary interest is in the evolution of primate locomotion. I am studying the mechanics of movement in primates and other vertebrates in the laboratory to understand the relationship between movement and postcranial morphology, and the unique nature of primates among mammals. Current projects include the origins of primate locomotion and the evolution of vertebrate bipedalism.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1995

Schmitt, D, Zumwalt, AC, and Hamrick, MW. "The relationship between bone mechanical properties and ground reaction forces in normal and hypermuscular mice." Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 313 A.6 (2010): 339-351. Full Text

Schmitt, D, Gruss, LT, and Lemelin, P. "Brief communication: Forelimb compliance in arboreal and terrestrial opossums." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 141.1 (2010): 142-146. Full Text

Sims, EL, Keefe, FJ, Kraus, VB, Guilak, F, Queen, RM, and Schmitt, D. "Racial differences in gait mechanics associated with knee osteoarthritis." Aging Clin Exp Res 21.6 (December 2009): 463-469.

Nebel, MB, Sims, EL, Keefe, FJ, Kraus, VB, Guilak, F, Caldwell, DS, Pells, JJ, Queen, R, and Schmitt, D. "The relationship of self-reported pain and functional impairment to gait mechanics in overweight and obese persons with knee osteoarthritis." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90.11 (November 2009): 1874-1879. Full Text

Somers, TJ, Keefe, FJ, Pells, JJ, Dixon, KE, Waters, SJ, Riordan, PA, Blumenthal, JA, McKee, DC, LaCaille, L, Tucker, JM, Schmitt, D, Caldwell, DS, Kraus, VB, Sims, EL, Shelby, RA, and Rice, JR. "Pain catastrophizing and pain-related fear in osteoarthritis patients: relationships to pain and disability." J Pain Symptom Manage 37.5 (May 2009): 863-872. Full Text

Kivell, TL, and Schmitt, D. "Independent evolution of knuckle-walking in African apes shows that humans did not evolve from a knuckle-walking ancestor." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106.34 (2009): 14241-14246. Full Text

Sims, EL, Carland, JM, Keefe, FJ, Kraus, VB, Guilak, F, and Schmitt, D. "Sex differences in biomechanics associated with knee osteoarthritis." J Women Aging 21.3 (2009): 159-170. Full Text

Pells, JJ, Shelby, RA, Keefe, FJ, Dixon, KE, Blumenthal, JA, Lacaille, L, Tucker, JM, Schmitt, D, Caldwell, DS, and Kraus, VB. "Arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating: relationships to pain, disability, and eating behavior in overweight and obese individuals with osteoarthritic knee pain." Pain 136.3 (June 2008): 340-347. Full Text

Hanna, JB, Schmitt, D, and Griffin, TM. "The energetic cost of climbing in primates." Science 320.5878 (2008): 898--. Full Text