Leslie J. Digby

Leslie J. Digby

Associate Professor of the Practice of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
08A Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708-0383
Phone: 
(919) 660-7398

Overview

My research focuses on the  behavior and ecology of non-human primates, including how primates balance cooperation and competition in their breeding strategies. In addition, I examine how animals mitigate the costs of temperature extremes through behavior and the use of microhabitats. Our results help us better understand the vulnerabilities of species facing more extreme weather fluctuations.

General Research Interests include:

Evolution of Primate & Human Social Behavior
Primate Behavioral Ecology
Mammalian Reproductive Strategies, Mating Systems, and Infanticide
Primate Microhabitat Use
Primate Behavioral Thermoregulation
Marmosets and Tamarins
Lemurs

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., University of California at Davis 1994

DIGBY, L. “MARMOSETS AND TAMARINS - SYSTEMATICS, BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY - RYLANDS,AB.” Animal Behaviour, vol. 49, no. 2, ACADEMIC PRESS (LONDON) LTD, 1 Feb. 1995, pp. 560–61.

Digby, L. J. “Activity and ranging patterns in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus): implications for reproductive strategies..” Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates, edited by M. Norconk et al., Springer Science & Business Media, 2011, pp. 175–85.

Digby, L. J., et al. “The role of competition in cooperatively breeding species.” Primates in Perspective, edited by C. Campbell et al., Oxford University Press, USA, 2011, pp. 91–107.

Digby, L. J., and W. Saltzman. “Balancing cooperation and competition in callitrichine primates: examining the relative risk of infanticide across species..” The Smallest Anthropoids The Marmoset/Callimico Radiation, edited by S. Ford et al., Springer Science & Business Media, 2009, pp. 135–54.

Abbott, D. H., et al. “Reproductive skew in female common marmosets: Contributionsof infanticide and subordinate self-restraint.” Reproductive Skew in Vertebrates: Proximate and Ultimate Causes, 2009, pp. 337–68. Scopus, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511641954.014. Full Text

Digby, L. J. “Infanticide by female mammals: implications for the evolution of social systems.” Infanticide by Males and Its Implications, Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 423–46.

Digby, L. J. “Cooperative Breeding.” International Encyclopedia of Primatology, edited by A. Fuentes, Wiley Blackwell.

Saltzman, Wendy, et al. “Reproductive skew in female common marmosets: what can proximate mechanisms tell us about ultimate causes?.” Proceedings. Biological Sciences, vol. 276, no. 1656, Feb. 2009, pp. 389–99. Epmc, doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1374. Full Text

Digby, Leslie, and Alexandra McLean Stevens. “Maintenance of female dominance in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons) and gray bamboo lemurs (Hapalemur griseus griseus) under semi-free-ranging and captive conditions..” Zoo Biology, vol. 26, no. 5, Sept. 2007, pp. 345–61. Epmc, doi:10.1002/zoo.20140. Full Text

Digby, Leslie J., and Sonya M. Kahlenberg. “Female dominance in blue-eyed black lemurs(Eulemur macaco flavifrons)..” Primates; Journal of Primatology, vol. 43, no. 3, July 2002, pp. 191–99. Epmc, doi:10.1007/bf02629647. Full Text

Nievergelt, CM, Digby, LJ, Ramakrishnan, U, and Woodruff, DS. "Genetic analysis of group composition and breeding system in a wild common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) population." International Journal of Primatology 21.1 (2000): 1-20. Full Text

Archie, E. A., and L. J. Digby. “Juvenile dominance in Eulemur macaco flavifrons: the influence of sex and maternal rank..” Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology, vol. 70, no. 5, Sept. 1999, pp. 277–81. Epmc, doi:10.1159/000021708. Full Text

Digby, L. J. “Targeting aggression in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons).” Primates, vol. 40, no. 4, Jan. 1999, pp. 613–17. Scopus, doi:10.1007/BF02574836. Full Text

Digby, L. J. “Sexual behavior and extragroup copulations in a wild population of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)..” Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology, vol. 70, no. 3, Jan. 1999, pp. 136–45. Epmc, doi:10.1159/000021686. Full Text

Digby, L. J., and C. E. Barreto. “Vertebrate predation in common marmosets.” Neotropical Primates, vol. 6, no. 4, 1998, pp. 124–26.

Ferrari, S. F., and L. J. Digby. “Wild Callithrix groups: Stable extended families?.” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 38, no. 1, Dec. 1996, pp. 19–27.

Digby, L. J., et al. “Preliminary records of common marmosets in the Parque Nacional de Sete Cidades, Piauí, Brazil.” Neotropical Primates, vol. 4, no. 2, 1996, pp. 53–55.

Pages

Schneider-Crease, India A., et al. “Cross-species parasite patterns: Pinworm prevalence in captive lemurs..” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 150, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2013, pp. 243–44.

Digby, Leslie, and Lesley King. “Social learning in the ring-tailed lemur.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 144, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2011, pp. 126–126.

Digby, L. J. “A NEW TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING THREE DIMENSIONAL AND FOUR DIMENSIONAL HOME RANGE VOLUMES: AN UPDATE.” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 71, WILEY-LISS, 2009, pp. 72–72.

Digby, L. J., et al. “Sensorimotor intelligence in aye-ayes and other lemurs: A puzzle box approach.” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 70, WILEY-LISS, 2008, pp. 54–54.

Digby, L. J. “Marmosets: Cooperative breeders or fierce competitors?.” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 69, WILEY-LISS, 2007, pp. 124–124.

Digby, L. J. “Determining home range "volumes" in primates: why are we using two-dimensional measures for species that live in a three-dimensional world?.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, WILEY-LISS, 2007, pp. 100–100.

Digby, L. J., and W. Saltzman. “Is infanticide by females more common in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)? Implications for how callitrichines balance cooperation and competition..” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, WILEY-LISS, 2005, pp. 95–95.

Digby, L. J., and A. M. Stevens. “A comparison of female dominance in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons) and gray gentle lemurs (Hapalemur griseus griseus).” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2004, pp. 88–88.

Digby, L. J., and C. E. Barreto. “Activity and ranging patterns in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) - Implications for reproductive strategies.” Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates, edited by M. A. Norconk et al., PLENUM PRESS DIV PLENUM PUBLISHING CORP, 1996, pp. 173–85.