V. Louise Roth

V. Louise Roth

Professor in the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology

External address: 
241 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90338, Durham, NC 27708-0338
(919) 660-7352


In addition to conceptual work on the biological bases of homology, variation, and parallel evolution, my research has focused on evolutionary changes in size and shape in mammals: the functional consequences of these changes, and the evolutionary modifications of ontogenetic processes that produce them. This work makes use of DNA sequences, morphometric data, and geographic distributions to study macroevolutionary changes within a phylogenetic context. Projects have included DNA sequence phylogenies of squirrels, experimental work on prenatal maternal effects on body size in large insular deermice, and morphometric studies of growth in elephants, dwarfism in an insular (Pleistocene) dwarf mammoth, and gigantism in insular deermice.

Degrees & Credentials

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1982

  • M.Phil., Yale University 1978

  • B.S., Brown University 1975

Ball, S. S., and V. L. Roth. “Jaw muscles of New World squirrels.Journal of Morphology, vol. 224, no. 3, June 1995, pp. 265–91. Epmc, doi:10.1002/jmor.1052240303. Full Text

Roth, V. L. “Quantitative variation in elephant dentitions: Implications for the delimitation of fossil species.” Paleobiology, vol. 18, no. 2, Jan. 1992, pp. 184–202. Scopus, doi:10.1017/S0094837300013968. Full Text

Roth, V. L. “Inferences from allometry and fossils: dwarfing of elephants on islands.” Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 8, Jan. 1992, pp. 259–88.

Roth, V. L. “Homology and hierarchies: Problems solved and unresolved.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol. 4, no. 2, Jan. 1991, pp. 167–94. Scopus, doi:10.1046/j.1420-9101.1991.4020167.x. Full Text

Roth, V. L. “Fabricational noise in elephant dentitions.” Paleobiology, vol. 15, no. 2, Jan. 1989, pp. 165–79. Scopus, doi:10.1017/S0094837300009349. Full Text

Roth, V. L., and J. Shoshani. “Dental identification and age determination in Elephas maximus.Journal of Zoology, vol. 214, 1988, pp. 567–88.

Roth, V. L., and M. S. Klein. “Maternal effects on body size of large insular Peromyscus maniculatus: evidence from embryo transfer experiments.Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 67, 1986, pp. 37–45.

Cushing, J., et al. “Fossil mammoths from Santa Cruz Island, California.” Quaternary Research, vol. 21, no. 3, Jan. 1984, pp. 376–84. Scopus, doi:10.1016/0033-5894(84)90076-0. Full Text

ROTH, V. L. “On homology.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 22, no. 1, Jan. 1984, pp. 13–29. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.1984.tb00796.x. Full Text

Roth, V. L. “How elephants grow: heterochrony and the calibration of developmental stages in some living and fossil species.” Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 1984, pp. 126–45. Scopus, doi:10.1080/02724634.1990.10011787. Full Text