Journal of Human Evolution

Zeininger, A; Schmitt, D; Wunderlich, RE

The initiation of a walking step with a heel strike is a defining characteristic of humans and great apes but is rarely found in other mammals. Despite the considerable importance of heel strike to an understanding of human locomotor evolution, no one has explicitly tested the fundamental… read more about this publication »

Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology

Noonan, MJ; Fleming, CH; Tucker, MA; Kays, R; Harrison, A-L; Crofoot, MC; Abrahms, B; Alberts, SC; Ali, AH; Altmann, J; Antunes, PC; Attias, N; Belant, JL; Beyer, DE; Bidner, LR; Blaum, N; Boone, RB; Caillaud, D; de Paula, RC; de la Torre, JA; Dekker, J; DePerno, CS; Farhadinia, M; Fennessy, J; Fichtel, C; Fischer, C; Ford, A; Goheen, JR; Havmøller, RW; Hirsch, BT; Hurtado, C; Isbell, LA; Janssen, R; Jeltsch, F; Kaczensky, P; Kaneko, Y; Kappeler, P; Katna, A; Kauffman, M; Koch, F; Kulkarni, A; LaPoint, S; Leimgruber, P; Macdonald, DW; Markham, AC; McMahon, L; Mertes, K; Moorman, CE; Morato, RG; Moßbrucker, AM; Mourão, G; O'Connor, D; Oliveira-Santos, LGR; Pastorini, J; Patterson, BD; Rachlow, J; Ranglack, DH; Reid, N; Scantlebury, DM; Scott, DM; Selva, N; Sergiel, A; Songer, M; Songsasen, N; Stabach, JA; Stacy-Dawes, J; Swingen, MB; Thompson, JJ; Ullmann, W; Vanak, AT; Thaker, M; Wilson, JW; Yamazaki, K; Yarnell, RW; Zieba, F; Zwijacz-Kozica, T; Fagan, WF; Mueller, T; Calabrese, JM

Accurately quantifying species' area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area-based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home-range analyses. Problematically, autocorrelation in tracking data can result in space needs… read more about this publication »

Animal Behaviour

Bray, EE; Gruen, ME; Gnanadesikan, GE; Horschler, DJ; Levy, KM; Kennedy, BS; Hare, BA; MacLean, EL

To characterize the early ontogeny of dog cognition, we tested 168 domestic dog, Canis familiaris, puppies (97 females, 71 males; mean age = 9.2 weeks) in a novel test battery based on previous tasks developed and employed with adolescent and adult dogs. Our sample consisted of Labrador retrievers… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

Sansalone, G; Allen, K; Ledogar, JA; Ledogar, S; Mitchell, DR; Profico, A; Castiglione, S; Melchionna, M; Serio, C; Mondanaro, A; Raia, P; Wroe, S

Large brains are a defining feature of primates, as is a clear allometric trend between body mass and brain size. However, important questions on the macroevolution of brain shape in primates remain unanswered. Here we address two: (i), does the relationship between the brain size and its shape… read more about this publication »

The Isme Journal

Greene, LK; Williams, CV; Junge, RE; Mahefarisoa, KL; Rajaonarivelo, T; Rakotondrainibe, H; O'Connell, TM; Drea, CM

If gut microbes influence host behavioral ecology in the short term, over evolutionary time, they could drive host niche differentiation. We explored this possibility by comparing the gut microbiota of Madagascar's folivorous lemurs from Indriidae and Lepilemuridae. Occurring sympatrically in the… read more about this publication »

Royal Society Open Science

Lonsdorf, EV; Wilson, ML; Boehm, E; Delaney-Soesman, J; Grebey, T; Murray, C; Wellens, K; Pusey, AE

The study of non-human primate thanatology has expanded dramatically in recent years as scientists seek to understand the evolutionary roots of human death concepts and practices. However, observations of how conspecifics respond to dead individuals are rare and highly variable. Mothers of several… read more about this publication »

International Journal of Primatology

Valenta, K; Daegling, DJ; Nevo, O; Ledogar, J; Sarkar, D; Kalbitzer, U; Bortolamiol, S; Omeja, P; Chapman, CA; Ayasse, M; Kay, R; Williams, B

Certain features of both extant and fossil anthropoid primates have been interpreted as adaptations to ripe fruit foraging and feeding particularly spatulate incisors and trichromatic color vision. Here, we approach the question of anthropoid fruit foraging adaptations in light of the sensory and… read more about this publication »

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences

Drea, CM

The study of human chemical communication benefits from comparative perspectives that relate humans, conceptually and empirically, to other primates. All major primate groups rely on intraspecific chemosignals, but strepsirrhines present the greatest diversity and specialization, providing a rich… read more about this publication »

Journal of Mammalian Evolution

Mitchell, DR; Sherratt, E; Sansalone, G; Ledogar, JA; Flavel, RJ; Wroe, S

Interspecific variation in the craniofacial morphology of kangaroos and wallabies is associated with diet and feeding behaviors. Yet, to how fine a taxonomic scale this relationship might exist is unknown. Using a combination of established morphometric analyses and novel finite element approaches… read more about this publication »

Current Opinion in Genetics & Development

Anderson, JA; Vilgalys, TP; Tung, J

Comparative analyses have played a key role in understanding how gene regulatory evolution contributes to primate phenotypic diversity. Recently, these studies have expanded to include a wider range of species, within-population as well as interspecific analyses, and research on wild as well as… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

Werner, CS; Nunn, CL

© 2020 The Authors. Rates of urbanization are increasing globally, with consequences for the dynamics of parasites and their wildlife hosts. A small subset of mammal species have the dietary and behavioural flexibility to survive in urban settings. The changes that characterize urban ecology -… read more about this publication »

American Journal of Primatology

Yapuncich, GS; Bowie, A; Belais, R; Churchill, SE; Walker, CS

A primate's body mass covaries with numerous ecological, physiological, and behavioral characteristics. This versatility and potential to provide insight into an animal's life has made body mass prediction a frequent and important objective in paleoanthropology. In hominin paleontology, the most… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Pontzer, H; Raichlen, DA; Shumaker, RW; Ocobock, C; Wich, SA

Energy is the fundamental currency of life--needed for growth, repair, and reproduction--but little is known about the metabolic physiology and evolved energy use strategies of the great apes, our closest evolutionary relatives. Here we report daily energy use in free-living orangutans (Pongo spp… read more about this publication »