Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society

Zeininger, A; Schmitt, D; Hughes-Oliver, C; Queen, RM

Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is a common surgical approach for patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA). However, very little is known about the path of the center of pressure (COP) of the foot, and thus important aspects of load transfer, muscle mechanical advantage, and balance, in… read more about this publication »

Nature Ecology and Evolution

Martin, JM; Leece, AB; Neubauer, S; Baker, SE; Mongle, CS; Boschian, G; Schwartz, GT; Smith, AL; Ledogar, JA; Strait, DS; Herries, AIR

Paranthropus robustus is a small-brained extinct hominin from South Africa characterized by derived, robust craniodental morphology. The most complete known skull of this species is DNH 7 from Drimolen Main Quarry, which differs from P. robustus specimens recovered elsewhere in ways attributed to… read more about this publication »

American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council

Bethancourt, HJ; Swanson, ZS; Nzunza, R; Huanca, T; Conde, E; Kenney, WL; Young, SL; Ndiema, E; Braun, D; Pontzer, H; Rosinger, AY

ObjectivesThis study compared the prevalence of concentrated urine (urine specific gravity ≥1.021), an indicator of hypohydration, across Tsimane' hunter-forager-horticulturalists living in hot-humid lowland Bolivia and Daasanach agropastoralists living in hot-arid Northern Kenya. It tested the… read more about this publication »

Molecular ecology resources

Ozga, AT; Webster, TH; Gilby, IC; Wilson, MA; Nockerts, RS; Wilson, ML; Pusey, AE; Li, Y; Hahn, BH; Stone, AC

The ability to generate genomic data from wild animal populations has the potential to give unprecedented insight into the population history and dynamics of species in their natural habitats. However, for many species, it is impossible legally, ethically or logistically to obtain tissue samples of… read more about this publication »

American journal of primatology

Bowie, A; Walker, K; Bunnell, G; Morel, D; Minesi, F; Belais, R; Hare, B

Poaching and habitat destruction in the Congo Basin threaten African great apes including the bonobo (Pan paniscus), chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and gorillas (Gorilla spp.) with extinction. One way to combat extinction is to reintroduce rescued and rehabilitated apes and repopulate native… read more about this publication »

Annals of biomedical engineering

Peebles, AT; Carroll, MM; Socha, JJ; Schmitt, D; Queen, RM

Two-dimensional video analysis is commonly used to assess kinematics when three-dimensional motion capture is unavailable. However, videos are often assessed using manual digitization, which limits the ability to extract outcomes that require continuous data. Here, we introduced a method to collect… read more about this publication »

Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

Campos, FA; Villavicencio, F; Archie, EA; Colchero, F; Alberts, SC

People who are more socially integrated or have higher socio-economic status live longer. Recent studies in non-human primates show striking convergences with this human pattern: female primates with more social partners, stronger social bonds or higher dominance rank all lead longer lives. However… read more about this publication »

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences

Guevara, EE; Lawler, RR; Staes, N; White, CM; Sherwood, CC; Ely, JJ; Hopkins, WD; Bradley, BJ

Methylation levels have been shown to change with age at sites across the human genome. Change at some of these sites is so consistent across individuals that it can be used as an 'epigenetic clock' to predict an individual's chronological age to within a few years. Here, we examined how the… read more about this publication »

Journal of biomechanics

Hill, CN; Reed, W; Schmitt, D; Sands, LP; Queen, RM

The effect of race has rarely been investigated in biomechanics studies despite racial health disparities in the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries and disease, hindering both treatment and assessment of rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that racial differences… read more about this publication »

Current biology : CB

Drea, CM; Crawford, JC; Boulet, M

As chemicals that elicit unlearned, functionally specialized, and species-specific responses [1] or 'stereotyped behavior' [2], pheromones differ from mammalian scent signatures that comprise complex, variable mixtures, convey multiple messages via learned chemical combinations, and elicit… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Weibel, CJ; Tung, J; Alberts, SC; Archie, EA

In humans and other long-lived species, harsh conditions in early life often lead to profound differences in adult life expectancy. In response, natural selection is expected to accelerate the timing and pace of reproduction in individuals who experience some forms of early-life adversity. However… read more about this publication »

Integrative and comparative biology

Gnanadesikan, GE; Hare, B; Snyder-Mackler, N; Call, J; Kaminski, J; Miklósi, Á; MacLean, EL

Given their remarkable phenotypic diversity, dogs present a unique opportunity for investigating the genetic bases of cognitive and behavioral traits. Our previous work demonstrated that genetic relatedness among breeds accounts for a substantial portion of variation in dog cognition. Here, we… read more about this publication »

The Journal of endocrinology

Conley, A; Place, NJ; Legacki, EL; Hammond, GL; Cunha, GR; Drea, CM; Weldele, ML; Glickman, SE

The spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) is a unique species, even amongst the Hyaenidae. Extreme clitoral development in female spotted hyaenas challenges aspects of the accepted framework of sexual differentiation and reproductive function. They lack a vulva and instead urinate, copulate and give… read more about this publication »

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Rodríguez-Gómez, G; Cassini, GH; Palmqvist, P; Bargo, MS; Toledo, N; Martín-González, JA; Muñoz, NA; Kay, RF; Vizcaíno, SF

The lower Miocene Santa Cruz Formation (dated to ~18–16 Ma) of Southern Patagonia, Argentina, preserves rich vertebrate faunas, which are representative of communities that existed prior to the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI). Some previous researchers have hypothesized that these pre-GABI… read more about this publication »

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

Trayler, RB; Kohn, MJ; Bargo, MS; Cuitiño, JI; Kay, RF; Strömberg, CAE; Vizcaíno, SF

Fossil-rich sediments of the Santa Cruz Formation, Patagonia, Argentina, span the initiation of the Miocene Climatic Optimum (MCO), the most recent period of warm and wet conditions in the Cenozoic. These conditions drove the expansion of tropical and subtropical ecosystems to much higher latitudes… read more about this publication »


Teitelbaum, CS; Amoroso, CR; Huang, S; Davies, TJ; Rushmore, J; Drake, JM; Stephens, PR; Byers, JE; Majewska, AA; Nunn, CL

Understanding the drivers of biodiversity is important for forecasting changes in the distribution of life on earth. However, most studies of biodiversity are limited by uneven sampling effort, with some regions or taxa better sampled than others. Numerous methods have been developed to account for… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Sanz, J; Maurizio, PL; Snyder-Mackler, N; Simons, ND; Voyles, T; Kohn, J; Michopoulos, V; Wilson, M; Tung, J; Barreiro, LB

Social experience is an important predictor of disease susceptibility and survival in humans and other social mammals. Chronic social stress is thought to generate a proinflammatory state characterized by elevated antibacterial defenses and reduced investment in antiviral defense. Here we… read more about this publication »

Animal cognition

Gnanadesikan, GE; Hare, B; Snyder-Mackler, N; MacLean, EL

Trait heritability is necessary for evolution by both natural and artificial selection, yet we know little about the heritability of cognitive traits. Domestic dogs are a valuable study system for questions regarding the evolution of phenotypic diversity due to their extraordinary intraspecific… read more about this publication »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Rosenbaum, S; Zeng, S; Campos, FA; Gesquiere, LR; Altmann, J; Alberts, SC; Li, F; Archie, EA

In humans and other animals, harsh conditions in early life can have profound effects on adult physiology, including the stress response. This relationship may be mediated by a lack of supportive relationships in adulthood. That is, early life adversity may inhibit the formation of supportive… read more about this publication »